【Abstract】 After a certain period of development, the system requiring court presidents and chief judges to conduct trials is now the normal situation, which has exerted an important positive influence on judicial reform and judicial operation. But there is still the problem of formalization in the implementation of this system, such as nominal presiding judges in trials, selection of cases, trial shows, etc. The causes of such problems lie in the defects of rules concerning the implementation of this system and the lack of proper supervisory mechanism. And the most important cause is the administrative tendency in our judicial organs and even the whole society. We must resolve such problems and promote the reform. Proper measures should be taken and "case handling" must be better understood. To properly implement this system, we need to improve supporting measures and basic rules, and deepen our understanding. The division of cases and the supervisory mechanism should be further improved. Meanwhile, the management system should be reformed so as to optimize the exterior environment.