中国法律知识资源总库论文库_期刊

刑法中“虚假诉讼”的犯罪学分析——以《刑法修正案(九)》生效后的40份判决书为样本

【作者】 段宇衡

【Author】 DUAN Yu-heng;School of Law,Wuhan University;

【机构】 武汉大学法学院

【摘要】 对刑法中"虚假诉讼"进行犯罪学分析,可得出以下结论:行为人多共同犯罪与初犯,学历低,经商为主;行为多针对弱势群体,多发于经济发达地区,恶意串通型与单方侵害型数量均衡,以伪造一般合同债务、起诉1次数居多;虚假诉讼多以调解结案,隐秘性高。因此,应完善诉讼宣誓制度、证据审查机制与虚假诉讼识别、预警机制,拓宽被害人的救济渠道,完善第三人撤销之诉与案外人异议之诉制度,坚持意思自治与合法性审查的有机统一。

【Abstract】 Through the criminological analysis of "false litigation"in criminal law,we can draw the following conclusions: the perpetrators mostly commit joint crimes and are first offenses,have a low degree of education,mainly engage in business,act mostly against vulnerable groups,and are mostly in economically developed areas.The number of malicious collusion type and unilateral infringement type is balanced,and they always forge the contract debt,then prosecute once; false litigation is mostly closed through mediation,thus its has high privacy.Therefore,we should perfect the system of litigation oath,the evidence examination mechanism and the false lawsuit identification as well as the early warning mechanism,broaden the relief channels of the victims,perfect the system of the third party withdrawing the lawsuit and the suit of the dissent of the case,and we should insist on the organic unity of will autonomy and legitimacy examination.

  • 【文献出处】 阴山学刊, Yinshan Academic Journal(Social Science Edition), 编辑部邮箱 , 2018年04期
  • 【下载频次】47
节点文献中: