【Abstract】 In recent years,false litigation has become more and more frequent,which makes citizens’ legal rights and judicial authority and credibility of government damaged. In order to protect the civil rights and judicial authority and credibility of government,we must strictly regulate the false litigation. In judicial practice,the punishment of false lawsuit is very weak. The regulation of civil false litigation cannot rely solely on the civil law and the existing judicial interpretation. It is necessary to carry out a severe blow through the criminal law as well as the principle of honesty and credit. At the same time,it may be possible to establish the mechanism and review procedure of false litigation.