中国法律知识资源总库论文库_期刊

网络购物标价错误的法律规制

【作者】 王天凡

【Author】 Wang Tianfan;

【机构】 北京航空航天大学法学院;

【摘要】 网络标价点击购买页面的性质应当依照我国法律规定,通过意思表示的规范解释方法予以客观判断。从不特定意思表示受领人的角度观之,若无法从网页标价页面中解释出商家不愿受其表示约束而保留缔结合同与否可能性的情形下,不应认为网页本身属于要约邀请。而作为格式条款的购物网站规则若未能尽到提示说明义务,则未满足我国法律关于订入控制的要求,消费者可以撤销这一格式条款。此外网站购物规则亦可能因违反法律对格式条款内容控制的要求而不生效力。除此之外还需判断电子自动回复的效力。我国应当通过民法典合同编总则及电子商务法等立法明确电子商务的合同订立中经营者义务的相关特别规范,包括自动回复、承诺期限等。在合同被判定成立并发生效力的情形下,若商家的标价错误符合我国现行法中关于"重大误解"的构成要件,则商家可撤销合同,在消费者存在合理信赖而受有损害的情形下,应当对消费者进行赔偿。

【Abstract】 The nature of a click-on-purchase page should be judged objectively in accordance with the relevant provisions of Chinese laws and through the normative interpretation of the will declaration.From the point of view of unspecified recipients of a will declaration,a price-listing page itself should not be considered to be an invitation to offer if it cannot be deduced from the page that the merchant is not willing to be bound by the expression and retain the possibility of concluding the contract.And if the rules of a shopping website,as standard clauses,fail to fulfill the obligations of instruction and explanation,they do not meet the requirements of control on the conclusion of contracts provided for by Chinese laws and,as such,can be revoked by consumers.The standard clauses of shopping website rules may also become non-binding as a result of violating content control requirements.In addition,it is necessary to determine the effect of electronic automatic reply.China should establish special norms on the operator’s obligations in the conclusion of e-commerce contract,including those on automatic reply,commitment period and so on,through the adoption of General Principles of Contract Law in the Civil Code and the E-commerce Law.In the case that a contract is determined to be effective and the bid price error of the merchant constitutes an element of"significant misunderstanding"under the current Chinese law,the merchant may revoke the contract and,in the case of reasonable trust and damage,the consumers should be compensated.

【基金】 2013年度司法部国家法治与法学理论研究项目“网络环境下意思表示错误问题研究”(13SFB3024);2014年度国家社会科学基金资助项目“民法错误论之继受与本土化”(14CFX071)的研究成果
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